Edinburgh is the capital of Scotland and the seat of the Scottish self-government.
Located on the east coast of Great Britain and with almost half a million inhabitants, it is the second largest city in Scotland after Glasgow.
Edinburgh is famous for its many churches and historic buildings such as Edinburgh Castle and Holyrood Palace, and its Old Town and New Town are jointly listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The city has been known as a center of education, especially in the field of medicine, science and engineering. University of Edinburgh, founded in 1583, is now one of four in the city. The city is also known for the Edinburgh Festival and the largest international festival of art in the world - Fringe (The Fringe). In 2004, Edinburgh became the world's first UNESCO City of Literature, an accolade awarded in recognition of its literary heritage and lively literary activities in the present. The city's historical and cultural attractions, together with an annual calendar of events aimed primarily at the tourist market, have made Edinburgh the second most popular tourist destination in the UK, after London, attracting over one million overseas visitors each year.